Founded by Maharaja Sawaj Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amber on November 18th, 1727, Jaipur, fondly referred to as the Pink City, is the capital of the Indian state of Rajasthan. Back when the British colonized India, Jaipur was the capital of the princely state of Jaipur.

With its structure bearing striking resemblance to that of the Rajputs and the Royal families, and with its location being in the heart of the arid desert-lands of Rajasthan, Jaipur is India’s first planned city. Built in the form of an eight-part Mandala, Jaipur is also known as the ‘Pithapada’, with nine representing the nine planets of the ancient astrological zodiac. History tells us that Sawai Jai Singh II was a renowned astronomer and town planner, ergo the ‘Pithapada’.

Another distinctive fact about the city is that most of its commercial shops are designed in multiples of nine, having one cross street for a planet. Tourism is a major contributing factor to Jaipur’s economy as is evident from certain popular structures like the Hawa Mahal, Amber Fort, Jantar Mantar, Jal Mahal, Central Museum (Albert Hall Museum) and plenty others.

Amber Fort also known as Amer Fort is located approx. 11 kms from Jaipur city. The Fort is spectacular, all-built in white marble and red sandstone. The charm of the fort is enhanced by its proximity to the Maotha Lake.

On a calm day, the mirror image of the Fort, on the still waters of the lake is a breath taking sight. The construction of the fort was started by Raja Man Singh I in 1592. However, the credit to its present form goes to Raja Jai Singh I. The outer appearance is a total contrast to the inside of the fort.

The décor of the Fort is influenced by both, the Hindu and Muslim ornamentation. The Fort is divided into four parts. Kali Temple is known for its huge silver lions and silver doors. The Hall of Public Audiences, Diwan-I-Aam is a rotunda with double row of columns.

Ganesh Pol, another feature of the Fort, directs the way to the occupied apartments of the King. The Hall of Victory, Jai Mandir has a magnificent ceiling consisting of mirror work and an inlaid panel.